Improving air quality in underground railway areas
Millions of people use the metro and other underground transport systems to get around seven large urban areas of France. Improving air quality inside underground railway areas is one of the objectives of the National Environmental Health Action Plan. Having received a request from the public authorities, ANSES confirms the need to continue taking action to limit the exposure of users by reducing concentrations of airborne particulate matter. To that end, the Agency is proposing monitoring indicators to strengthen air quality monitoring in these environments.
Bérénice Renard appointed as ANSES's Ethics Officer
Bérénice Renard, recently appointed as ANSES's Director of Legal Affairs, has been appointed as Ethics Officer by decision of the Director General, Roger Genet. She took on this role on 9 May for a three-year period.
ANSES entrusts Brice Laurent with the creation of a department dedicated to human and social sciences expertise and openness to society
On 2 June 2022, Brice Laurent was given the responsibility of creating a new department for social and economic analyses and openness to society at ANSES. This department, which he will manage, will reinforce the role of human and social sciences in the Agency's expert appraisal and communication practices.
Plant protection: spotting the Japanese beetle's arrival in France as early as possible
The Japanese beetle has already been in Italy and Switzerland for several years, and there is a high probability that it will enter France. This insect pest poses a threat to hundreds of plant species. To have any chance of eradicating it from our country, action must be taken as soon as the insect is first detected.
To what pets can humans transmit monkeypox virus (MPXV)? For example, can dogs, cats and rodents get monkeypox? Due to the increase in the number of people infected with this virus in multiple non-endemic countries, including France, ANSES received an urgent request to answer these questions.
Colistin combined with nanoparticles: a smaller amount of antibiotic for the same level of efficacy
Scientists from ANSES's Ploufragan-Plouzané-Niort Laboratory took part in a study on the efficacy of colistin-loaded alginate nanoparticles used to treat diarrhoea in piglets. Undertaken in collaboration with teams from University of Lille (BioEcoAgro Cross-Border Joint Research Unit) and CNRS (Institute of Electronics, Microelectronics & Nanotechnology), this study showed that this new formulation, which requires less colistin than conventional treatment, has equal or even greater efficacy.
Aiming for weather maps of ticks in metropolitan France
As part of the national plan to combat Lyme disease and other tick-borne diseases, INRAE and VetAgro Sup, as well as CIRAD, ANSES and the company Boehringer Ingelheim, analysed the risks associated with the tick Ixodes ricinus , the main pathogen vector in France and Europe. The research team used data collected in seven observatories characterised by various climates in metropolitan France; it also referred to meteorological and environmental (vegetation, soil, etc.) data. This was supplemented by additional field observation campaigns. The results, published in Geospatial Health and Scientific Reports, led to the development of a map indicating those areas most favourable to the presence and activity of Ixodes ricinus ticks, on the one hand, and a model for predicting the periods of greatest risk depending on the season and weather in metropolitan France, on the other.
Tracing the source of infections by the bacterium responsible for bovine tuberculosis
Cases of bovine tuberculosis are rare in France, but infected cattle herds are still regularly reported. In order to determine the exact role of wildlife, especially badgers, in transmission, scientists from the Laboratory for Animal Health have been reconstructing the evolution of the bacterium that causes the disease.